4. graphiQL

GraphiQL (/ˈɡrafək(ə)l/): A graphical interactive in-browser GraphQL IDE

When your site's development server is running.
GraphiQL can be accessed at http://localhost:8888/___graphql

Mind the port! It may vary.

Below is the screenshot of GraphiQL

GraphiQL

Notice the color difference in the explorer on the left side.
Purple ones are arguments used to filter or sort the data.
Blue ones are the fields to be selected for the response.

queries

For our blog, we need three GraphQL queries as of now.

  1. Query to fetch site metadata like blog's title, description etc.
  2. Query to list all the blog posts on the index page.
  3. Query to show the post content on the article page.

1. site metadata query

The following GraphQL query will fetch the siteMetadata stored in gatsby-config.js

query SiteMetadataQuery {
        site {
          siteMetadata {
            title
            description
          }
        }
      }

You can copy the above query and paste it in the middle pane
Or
As shown in the image above, expand the site node in the explorer on the left side and then select siteMetadata → title

Hit the play button and examine the result in the panel on the right side.
You should expect something similar to what's shown in the screenshot above.

2. index page query

The below query will fetch excerpt, frontmatter of all the posts.

query SiteIndexQuery {
    allMarkdownRemark(
      sort: { fields: [frontmatter___date_modified], order: DESC }
      filter: { frontmatter: { is_published: { eq: true } } }
    ) {
      edges {
        node {
          id
          excerpt
          frontmatter {
            title
            description
            slug
            date_modified
            author
            is_published
            show_in_recent
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

3. blog post query

The following query utilizes an argument named slug to fetch the content for the specific post.

query PostsBySlug($slug: String!) {
    markdownRemark(fields: { slug: { eq: $slug } }) {
      html
      frontmatter {
        title
        date_modified(formatString: "YYYY MMMM Do")
      }
    }
  }

"Query Variables" are passed as JSON data.
Find it at the bottom of the query editor. Click it to expand it.

You would need to pass the value of argument slug as below:

{
  "slug": "/first-post"
}

whats next!

In the next post, we will implement listing of blog posts on the index page.

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